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26th International Conference & Exhibition on Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine, will be organized around the theme “Fostering the Future Excellence in Cardiology and Medicine”
Cardio 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Cardio 2018
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Heart failure, sometimes known as congestive heart failure, occurs when your heart muscle doesn't pump blood as well as it should. Certain conditions, such as narrowed arteries in your heart (coronary artery disease) or high blood pressure, gradually leave your heart too weak or stiff to fill and pump efficiently. Not all conditions that lead to heart failure can be reversed, but treatments can improve the signs and symptoms of heart failure and help you live longer. Lifestyle changes — such as exercising, reducing salt in your diet, managing stress and losing weight — can improve your quality of life. One way to prevent heart failure is to control conditions that cause heart failure, such as coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes or obesity.
A stroke is related to a heart attack, but it affects the brain. A heart attack happens when blood suddenly can't get through to a part of your heart. Heart disease defines a variety of disorders that affect your heart. Diseases below the heart disease umbrella include blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias); and heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects), among others. Brain disorders are of diverse types. Contaminations, injury, stroke, seizures, and tumors are a portion of the significant classes of cerebrum ailments.
Electrocardiography (ECG) is the method of recording of the electrical activity of the heart over a time period using electrodes placed on the skin. These electrodes help in the detection of the minute electrical changes on the skin that arise from the electro-physiologic pattern of heart muscle while depolarizing during each heartbeat. This record called the electrocardiogram (also known as an ECG), gives information about the part of the heart that triggers each heartbeat (the pacemaker called the sino-atrial node), the nerve conduction pathways of the heart, and the heart rate and rhythm. Usually, an ECG is obtained if a heart disorder is suspected.
- Holter (Ambulatory) monitoring
- Event/loop recording
- Cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET)
- Signal-averaged electrocardiogram
- Heart rate monitor
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Pacemaker monitoring
- Electric axis of the heart
- Medical therapies and procedures
- Cardiac surgery and hybrid procedures
- Transthoracic echocardiography
Vascular biology is the study that involves vascular function, structure, growth & development. This field includes different research, including studies of molecules, cells, organs and intact organisms. The goals of vascular biology theory is to improve blood flow and perfusion of organs via the identification of new therapeutic targets, development of novel treatment approaches and tissue engineering of synthetic blood vessels and organs. Vascular biology research can lead to the prevention of the diseases that are the leading causes of death in Western cultures, including heart attack and stroke. This research is very costly to perform but can lead to significant improvement in lifespan and quality of life.
- Angiogenic gene therapy
- Oxidative stress and vascular biology
- Vascular Surgery
- Vascular medicine
- Vascular Imaging and Diagnostic Testing
- Molecular Biophysics and Structural Biology
- Stem Cell Biology
Cardiomyopathy is categorized as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated Cardiomyopathy, takotsubo Cardiomyopathy & restrictive Cardio-myopathy. In dilated Cardiomyopathy the ventricles enlarges & weakens, in restrictive Cardiomyopathy the ventricles stiffens, in hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy heart muscles enlarges or thickens. Cardiomyopathy is a most common group of diseases that affect the heart muscles. In this, the heart muscle becomes rigid, enlarged or thick. In this condition, heart is less able to circulate the blood to all the body parts and maintain a normal electrical rhythm. This can lead to heart failure or irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias. In turn, heart failure can cause fluid to build up in the legs, ankles, lungs, feet or abdomen. The Typical perilous danger in patients with cardiomyopathies is sporadic heart rate.
- Inflammatory cardiomyopathy
- Dilated cardiomyopathy
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Idiopathic cardiomyopathy
- Restrictive cardiomyopathy
- Diabetic cardiomyopathy
- Endomyocardial fibrosis
- Myocardial infarction
- Inflammatory Cardiomyopathy
- Cardiac Myocyte
- Sudden cardiac arrest
- Myocardial infraction and repair
- Congestive heart failure
Cardiac Arrhythmias also called cardiac dysrhythmia or irregular heartbeat. It is a condition in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow. It includes extra beats, supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular arrhythmias, and Brady arrhythmias. Many types of arrhythmia have no symptoms. When symptoms are present these may include palpitations or feeling a pause between heartbeats. More seriously there may be light headedness, passing out, shortness of breath, or chest pain, some predispose a person to complications such as stroke or heart failure. Others may result in cardiac arrest.
Cardiothoracic anesthesiology is a subspecialty of the medical practice of anesthesiology devoted to the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care of adult patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery and related invasive procedures. Fast-track cardiac anesthesia (FTCA) incorporates early tracheal estuation, decreased length of intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital stay, and (ideally) should avoid or reduce complications to safely achieve cost-savings
- Cardiac anesthesia in liver transplant settings
- Anesthesia for cardiac surgery
- Cardiac anesthesia and intensive care
- Anesthesia in infants undergoing cardiac surgery.
- Cardiothoracic Anesthesia
- Fast-track cardiac anesthesia
- Post cardiothoracic anesthesia
Cardiovascular Nurses work in many different environments, including coronary care units (CCUs), cardiac catheterization, intensive care units (ICUs), operating theaters, heart rehabilitation centers, clinical research, cardiac surgery departments, and cardiovascular intensive care units. Cardiac nursing is a special nursing field which works with patients who suffer from different conditions of the cardiovascular system. Cardiac nurses help treat and care conditions such as unstable angina, cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, infarction of myocardium and cardiac arrhythmia under the direction of a cardiologist. Cardiac nurses perform post-operative treatment on a surgical unit, stress test evaluations, cardiac monitoring, vascular monitoring, and health evaluations. Cardiac nurses work in various kinds of environments, involving coronary care units (CCU), catheterization of heart, intensive care units (ICU), operating theatres, cardiac rehabilitation centers, clinical research, wards for cardiac surgery, cardiovascular intensive care units (CVICU), and cardiac medical wards.
- Cardiovascular nursing
- Cardiac assessment nursing
- Cardiac surgery nursing
- Telemetry care
- Stress test evaluations
- Pediatric cardiac nursing
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease includes coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack Heart disease, or cardiovascular disease, encompasses a range of conditions, including blood vessel diseases such as coronary artery disease, problems with (arrhythmias) and congenital heart defects, Heart and blood vessel disease — also called heart disease — includes numerous problems, many of which are related to a process called atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a condition that develops when a substance called plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries. This build up narrows the arteries, making it harder for blood to flow through. If a blood clot forms, it can stop the blood flow. This can cause a heart attack or stroke. A heart attack occurs when the blood flow to a part of the heart is blocked by a blood clot. If this clot cuts off the blood flow completely, the part of the heart muscle supplied by that artery begins to die. ‘Conference series LLC Ltd teams with CED, a Joint Accreditation Provider, as Joint Providers of CME Credits for the Cardiology Meetings consisting of physicians, cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, scientists, professors and young researchers’
Heart diseases are the term used to indicate disorder of heart. Coronary artery disease is also known as ischemic heart disease. It is caused by atherosclerosis, that is the narrowing and / or blockage of the blood vessels that supply the heart. It is one of the most common forms of heart disease and the leading cause of heart attacks and angina. It does not cause chest pain. Most congenital heart problems do not present with other diseases. Complications that can result from heart defects include heart failure. Most common Heart Diseases are Silent Ischemia, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction).
- Coronary artery disease
- Silent ischemia
- Heart attack (myocardial infarction)
- Heart failure
- Atherosclerosis: Risk factors and prevention
- Infective endocarditis
- Peripheral arterial disease
- Obesity and heart disease
- Congenital heart disease
- Grown up congenital heart disease(GUCH)
- Blood related disorders: Thrombosis
Cardiovascular Engineering is a wide spectrum of research, from basic to transitive in all attributes of cardiovascular physiology and medical treatment. The distribution of research that utilizes engineering principles and methods to enhance basic knowledge and technological solutions related to cardiovascular system. Coverage ranges from subcellular to systems level topics, including other implantable medical devices such as hemodynamics, tissue biomechanics, functional imaging, surgical devices, electrical physiology, tissue engineering and regenerative methods, diagnostic tools, transmission and delivery of biologics and biosensors.
- Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Device
- Cardiac Computed Tomography
- Device Therapy
- Cardiology Imaging
- Cardiovascular Implant Devices
- Cardiac Medications and Devices
- Cardiac 3-D Imaging
- Intravascular Ultrasound
Common physiological variations during pregnancy require, on average, a 50% growth in circulating blood volume that is supplemented by an increase in cardiac output that usually peaks between the mid portion of the second and third trimesters The enlarged cardiac output is due to an increase in the stroke size, and a minor increase in heart rate, averaging 10 to 20 beats per minute. Additionally uterine circulation and endogenous hormones cause systemic vascular resistance to reduction and a disproportionately lowering of diastolic blood pressure causes a catholic pulse pressure. Inferior vena caval obstruction from a gravid uterus in the prone position can result in an abrupt decrease in cardiac preload, which leads to hypotension with weakness and light headedness. During labor and delivery cardiac output rises more in part due to the related anxiety and pain, as well as due to uterine reductions which will cause an increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
- Physiological changes during pregnancy and puerperium
- Cardiovascular evaluation during pregnancy
- Pregnancy and valvular heart disease
- Pregnancy and congenital heart disease
- Pregnancy and cardiomyopathy
- Coronary artery disease in pregnancy
About 90–95% of cases are primary hypertension, caused due to nonspecific lifestyle and genetic factors. Lifestyle factors that increase the risk constitute excess salt, excess body weight, smoking, and alcohol. The rest 5–10% of cases is labelled as secondary hypertension, defined as high blood pressure due to an identifiable cause, like chronic kidney disease, narrowing of the kidney arteries, a hormone-related disorder, or the use of birth control pills. Blood pressure is calculated by two measurements, the systolic and diastolic blood pressures, these are the maximum and minimum pressures, respectively. At rest, normal blood pressure is within the range of 100–140 mm of mercury (mmHg) during systole and 60–90 mmHg diastole. This Heart Congress scientific program has been CME and CPD certified.
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Blood clot
- Pulmonary embolism
- Heart failure
- Heart health
- Shortness of breath
Most of the conditions that cause sudden cardiac death in young athletes are evaluated by an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), a non-invasive test which calculates the electrical activity of the heart. Athletes with authorized cardiovascular disease or those at risk have particular goals and objectives in mind. They want to continue to play their sport and be very safe. The main aim of the Sports Cardiology Center is to work with any athlete forth the spectrum - professional athletes, recreational exercisers, to weekend warriors to help them reach these goals.
- Cardiovascular assessment
- Sports and cardiovascular disease
- Cardiovascular epidemiology & population science
- Frequency and causes of SCA in young athletes
- Improving ECG interpretation in athletes
- Patient-centered counselling
- Accurate diagnosis and treatment plans
- Sudden cardiac death in sports
Pericardial diseases may clinically be classified as acute pericarditis, pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade and constrictive pericarditis. Infectious endocarditis is a form of endocarditis. It is the inflammation of the inner tissues of the heart. These are the major inflammatory defects for Babies Heart. This cardiology conference, or rather all cardiology conferences, will help in networking, B2B partnerships between professionals and academic staff. Cardiology conferences, cardiac conferences are very important for ordinary people to be aware of the most important part of the human body.Neonatal heart conditions mainly includes heart defects associated with other types of disease, such as diaphragmatic hernia, heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy) or infection (myocarditis), Heart problems due to lung masses, etc. Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common, congenital disorder in newborns. A neonatal cardiologist is a pediatrician who has received extensive training in diagnosing and treating babies cardiac problems.
- Rapid Breathing
- Cyanosis (a bluish tint to the skin, lips, and fingernails)
- Poor Blood Circulation
- Hypertension in Neonates
- Fatigue (tiredness)
Cardiac surgery, or cardiovascular surgery, is the surgery of heart or great vessels. It is often carried out to treat complications of ischemic heart disease; to correct congenital heart disease; or to treat valvular heart disease due to various causes, which include endocarditis, rheumatic heart disease, and atherosclerosis. Other surgeries include Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery, Ventricular Assist Devices (VADs), heart transplantation and much more. Healthy valves open and close in a specific way as the heart pumps blood. Each valve has one set of flaps called leaflets. The leaflets open to allow blood to pass from one heart apartment into another or into the arteries. Then the leaflets close tightly to cease blood from flowing backward. Heart surgery is applied to fix leaflets that do not open as wide as they should. This can happen if they become thick or stiff or join together. As a result, not enough blood flows through the valve.
- Cardiothoracic surgery
- Cardiovascular surgery
- Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)
- Transmyocardial laser revascularization
- Heart valve repair
- Carotid artery operations
- Operations of the abdominal and thoracal aneurysm
- Cardiopulmonary bypass machine
- Carotid endarterectomy
- Aortic aneurysm
- Peripheral vascular surgery
- Transmyocardial revascularization (TMR)
A case report on Cardiology gives an appropriate convention for all cardiologists by rendering their important clinical cases of late occurrence. Studying from medical cases provides valuable experience for clinicians, students and paramedical staff -members. Rare medical reports and conditions discovered through the latest methods of examination are energized. Moreover, studying diagnostic methods from medical cases and the interpretation of symptoms is significant to train and burgeon the thought processes which are being used in the clinical field. This Heart Congress scientific program has been CME and CPD certified.To fully appreciate the complexity and challenges in interpreting Clinical trials, it is informative to review their evolution. The prospective, randomized, clinical trial has been the foundation for evaluating the effectiveness of blood pressure-lowering drugs. The duration of clinical trials rarely exceeds five years, and trials focus on so-called “hard end points” notably, all-cause mortality or cause specific morbidity and mortality due to CVD, usually coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke, but more recently heart failure (HF) as well.The early clinical trials had the advantage of being able to compare “active therapy” with placebo and usually included patients with more severe hypertension, as compared with modern trials. Treating high blood pressure can take a multi-pronged approach including diet changes, medication, and exercise. Hypertension treatment comes in many forms -- from lifestyle changes to medication.
Interventional cardiology is a chapter of cardiology that deals particularly with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases. A huge number of procedures can be acted on the heart by catheterization. This most commonly includes the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery (but, in practice, any large peripheral artery or vein) and cannulating the heart below X-ray visualization (usually fluoroscopy).
- Cardiac catheterization
- Coronary Stents
- Embolic protection
- Percutaneous valve repair
- Balloon valvuloplasty
Cardiovascular pharmacology deals with the treatment of heart disease. Cardiac medications are used to treat the cardiac, circulatory and vascular system. Various cardiovascular agents are available to treat various cardiovascular conditions. Sodium, Potassium, Calcium channel blockers, ACE inhibitors and cardiac biomarkers. There are 6 associations and societies and the main association for cardiology medical agents in the US. 50 universities work on cardiac medications. Three new drugs were introduced in 2015. There are many types of cardiovascular drugs on the market that include cardiac glycosides, anticoagulants, antiarrhythmic agents, anti-anginal agents and antihypertensive agents.
The regrowth of organs and tissues of the heart that are lost in an injury are called Cardiac Regeneration. This is in disparity to wound healing, which involves closing of the injury site by forming a scar. Few tissues like skin and large organs such as liver regrow quite readily, whilst others have been seen with little or no capacity of regeneration. Nevertheless in the present research, it suggests that particularly in the Lungs and heart, there is hope for a variety of organs and tissues will eventually develop and the capacity to regenerate.
- Cardiac remodelling
- Cardiac regenerative therapy
- Congenital heart disease and regeneration
- Heart repair, heart tissue regeneration and stem cells
- Trans-differentiation during heart regeneration
- Biomimetic heart valve replacement
- Stem cells for myocardial regeneration
- Stem cell-derived engineered cardiac tissue
- Cardiac stem cells
- Tissue graft cardiac cell replacement
Obesity can also lead to heart failure. This is a serious condition when your heart cannot pump enough blood to satisfy the needs of your body. After diabetes or diabetes, a person is at increased risk of heart disease and stroke. One can reduce the risk by maintaining blood glucose levels (also called blood sugar), blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels close to the recommended target values - levels suggested by diabetes professionals for good health. Stroke and coronary heart disease can be caused by the same problem - atherosclerosis.
The term "diabetic heart disease" (DHD) means heart disease that occurs in people who have high content of carbohydrate in blood. In comparison with people who don't have diabetes, people who have diabetes; are at a higher risk of heart disease, have additional reasons of heart disease, may develop heart disease at a younger age, may have more severe heart diseases. In Congenital Heart Disease, a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply our heart muscle with blood rich in oxygen. Plaque constitutes of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and various other substances found in the blood. When plaque happens in the arteries, the condition is called atherosclerosis.
- Diabetic cardiomyopathy
- Abnormal cholesterol and high triglycerides
- Types of strokes