Keren Grinberg working in Ruppin Academic Center,Department of Nursing, Israel.Her research Interests are Cardiology and Nursing.
To determine the effect of illness perception (IP) on the perceived quality of life of Myocardial infarction (MI) patients.An Assessment of quality of life through the perception of the disease in those patients may help to identify changes in their health status and their response to treatment.A descriptive, cross-sectional design. The Illness Perception Questionnaire Revised (IPQ-R) and the Multi-dimensional Quality of Life (QOL) Questionnaire were administrated to 110 acute MI patients (77% men and 23% women). The average age of those sampled was 61. Associations between the variables were determined using Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and linear regression analysis was conducted.This study shows an association between the IP of MI patients and their perceived quality of life. Namely, a patients who perceives his disease in a more positive light sees himself as having a better quality of life (r=0.73, p=0.003). Perceived quality of life will be more lower in patients who thinks his disease is chronic (long duration) and not acute (rs=0.36, p≤0.0001), and the negative feelings attributes to his problem (r=0.42, p=0.02), as long as less sense of control on the disease and the treatment (r=0.039, p=0.003).
Aladeen Alloubani was born in Amman, Jordan, in 1985. He received the BSc degree in Nursing from the Alzaytoonah University, Amman, Jordan, in 2007, and the MSc. and Ph.D. degrees in Health Services Management from the Royal College of Surgeon/ Ireland (RCSI) and Red Sea University, in 2009 and 2015, respectively.In 2010, he joined the Department of Nursing, University of Tabuk, as a Lecturer, and in 2011 became a department supervisor. Since 2013, he has become a department academic affairs manager. His current research interests include nursing leadership, nursing management, healthcare policy, infection control and cardiovascular disorders. Dr. Alloubani is a Fellow of the Jordanian Nurses & Midwives Council, Jordan.
Background: Cardiovascular diseases in developed and developing countries are considered one of the main reasons of death (Alloubani et al. 2016; WHO, 2014). The treatment of risk factors and lifestyle changes in the world have led to a decreased prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and cardiovascular diseases mortality. Also, the economic burden of cardiovascular disease is tremendous, as well as affecting a patient\'s social and private life, because many patients need long-term care and long-standing institutionalization. \r\nCardiovascular diseases risk factors are modifiable risk factors, such as diabetes, hyperlipidemia, stress, obesity, physical inactivity and smoking; and non-modifiable risk factors such as gender, genotype, race. Most cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by reducing the prevalence of behavioral (CVD) risk factors (WHO, 2015). Understanding the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases risk factors amongst employees and students at the university is vital for early prevention and detection. \r\nAim: The aim of this research was to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases risk factors amongst employees and students at the University of Tabuk. \r\nMethods: This cross-sectional quantitative research has been done with a convenience sample of 370 participants at the University of Tabuk. A structured self-administered questionnaire, developed by the study’s authors, with 25 questions employ a 4-point Likert scale to evaluate participants age, sex, the level of education, socioeconomic status, the presence of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. \r\nResults: The findings of this research demonstrate that employees and students in university were following unhealthy lifestyle (such as poor exercise, unhealthy dietary practices, and smoking) that could expose them to a higher risk for cardiovascular disease. \r\nConclusion: Overall, we need to expand awareness amongst employees and students in the University of Tabuk for the significance of a healthy lifestyle living and early prevention of cardiovascular diseases. This research concluded that the most of employees and students in the university were exposed to cardiovascular diseases risk factors. The data recommend that cardiovascular risk factors effect individuals and will be main health disorders in the future. Accordingly, a nationwide campaign encouraging healthy lifestyle should be promoted.\r\n